AYS Daily Digest 08/08/2018: Damning report on huge increase in deaths at sea and detention in Libya
Mass arrests in Morocco / Malta continues to block sea rescues / Libya : Fears and risks of trafficking in 7th most dangerous country in world / Germany creates first refugee deportation agreement with Spain
Amnesty International calls on European leaders to take responsibility in light of surging death toll.
While the number of people attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea in a bid to reach a port of safety in Europe has dropped, the number of deaths at sea has increased.
Arbitrary detention in Libya has also skyrocketed.
“European governments are colluding with Libyan authorities to contain refugees and migrants in Libya, despite the horrific abuses they face at the hands of the Libyan Coast Guard and in detention centres in Libya. Plans to expand this externalization policy across the region are deeply concerning,” said Matteo de Bellis, researcher on asylum and migration at Amnesty International.
As European policy is trending towards prevention of migration attempts across the Mediterranean, a report from the European Council on Refugees and Exile (ECRE) asks the question: ASYLUM AT THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL 2018: OUTSOURCING OR REFORM?.
The fortress model of Europe is at odds with human rights.
In response to common myths and misconceptions SeaWatch summarises Amnesty report in a thread:
1. The EU has a responsibility for human rights violations in Libya due to its support of the so-called Libyan Coast Guard. (p. 6)
2. It is proven that NGOs are no pull factor. (p. 14)
3. Tunisia is not a port of safety under international law. (p. 12)
4. SAR NGOs are human rights defenders who must be protected against defamation and criminalisation by European states. (p. 16)
5. SAR NGOS activities are in full compliance with International Law. (p. 16)
6. There is a great risk of #AssoVentotto becoming a precedent. A risk that merchant ships will bow to European pressure and therefore follow the instructions of the so-called Libyan Coast Guard even if this is in breach of international law. (p. 16)
As deportation to Libya continues, the Global Peace Index ranks Libya as the 7th most dangerous country in the world.
Libya: Uprising of migrants in camps as they fear being sold to traffickers
Paolo Lambruschi writing for Avvenire: Sudden disappearances, UN and diplomats struggle to gain access to the detention camps, severe overcrowding, and a registration deficit.
“Tarek Al Matar’s tensions exploded mainly due to the terror of being sold to traffickers, who manage the departures on the boats, but only after having tortured the prisoners to extort ransoms from their families, or sell them as slaves.” writes Lambruschi.
20 people have disappeared in ´recent days´.
Libyan police have responded to the uprising with terrible force and have wounded three asylum seekers, two of whom had to be hospitalized.
“We are desperate, many talk about suicide. We do not see a way out. We cannot go back to Eritrea, and Europe does not want us .” Solomon, quoted in Lambruschi’s article.
Many of those detained are refugees and asylum seekers who should, according to law, be in safe countries to seek asylum or free to move. A third are under the age of 18.
Watch the Med reports mass arrests in Nador. 500 arrested and 15 vans planned to move migrants the to south of the country.
SEAEYE calls for focus on the lives of those who cross the Mediterranean saying that “Especially at the moment, the media focus is strong on the blocked ships. And it is far away from the experience of the individual. But this is about people. People in need. Let’s help, please. And help us to help. With Sea-Eye II.”
Malta continues to block NGO vessels from leaving to mount sea rescues.
Humanitarian NGO vessels Lifeline, Sea-Eye and Sea-Watch demonstrate in the sea which Sea Watch describes as a ´mass grave´. Protesting against the blockade the banner read: ´EVERYONE HAS THE RIGHT TO LIFE´, referring to article 2.1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
LESVOS: Campaign to save PIKPA camp continues.
ATHENS : Translation services schedule available here.
Protests against migrant and refugee labour in Foggia: “Aboubakar Soumahoro, a union official of the USB, summons hundreds of African labourers. “Today we do not need runways, we need answers”.
Dignity and rights are denied in a system which exploits workers.
MSF mobile clinic will be held on Thursday between 10 am and 4 pm at the Porte de la Chapelle and d’Aubervilliers gates in Paris.
Germany made its first bilateral agreement to deport refugees to another European country. If refugees are apprehended at the German border and Spain was the first port of entry on record with their data recorded in the European Dactyloscopy (Eurodac) fingerprint database, they will be deported to Spain within 48 hours.
The interior ministry predicts that this could apply to approximately five people a day. This will enter into effect on 11 August 2018.
This is the first such agreement but the German government has stated that they intend to create more.
The first women were fined this weekend after the niqab-ban went into effect in Denmark. French-Algerian businessman Rachid Nekkaz has said he will pay, not only this time — but for all women fined for wearing a burka or niqab in Denmark. “I will pay everybody’s fines every month”, he told the Danish paper Berlingske. The first fine is 1000 DK (€130), the second is 10000 DK (€13,000). Nekkaz has already paid approximately €245,000 in other European countries where there is similar legislation. He says this it is not because he is pro-niqab, it is a matter of freedom of choice and the civil rights of these women.
The new law has provoked physical attacks, with a woman reporting that her niqab was ripped off in public.
DEMOS: LGBT protests against deportations
Kindertransport refers to the 10,000 Jewish children who were given protection in the UK before the outbreak of the Second World War.
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