AYS Daily Digest 12/12/17: “Europe — complicit in crime”
Amnesty International openly calls out EU states as part of the Libyan problem / Hard to get passports in Turkey / Asylum law changes in Greece / Italian organizations on poor state of help for minors / ECHR rules against Bulgaria for inhuman and degrading treatment / extreme weather calls for more help across Europe / more info, updates and news..
19,452 people have so far in 2017 been intercepted by the coast guard, taken back to Libya and immediately transferred to detention centres. This has been an immediate reaction of the European states that have decided to reinforce the capacity of Libyan authorities to intercept refugees and migrants at sea and transfer them back to Libya and to detention centres.
416,556 people were identified by IOM in Libya earlier this September, more than 60% of people fled Sub-Saharan African countries.
The case of an Italian ship, that had been donated to the Libyan coast guard, taking part in criminal actions against the people on board and the SAR vessels near by was the first time that a boat provided by a European government has been proven to have been used in such an incident. UK has been previously warned about the support they gave to the Libyan CG:
Ministers have been warned time and time again that the UK’s funding of the Libyan Coast Guard means the UK is supporting the depraved abuse and exploitation of thousands of refugees and migrants in Libya. — AI UK
However, the reported and documented abuse at detention centres is merely part of a wider network of exploitation, paired with CG and officials’ corruption and cooperation with human smugglers. The EU has not reacted properly to these serious breaches of human rights, as reported earlier on.
They have instead increased funding for detained migrants and suposedly improved conditions after reports of abuses and migrants being sold into slavery.
They also tried to speed up the repatriations from Libya to the countries of origin.
Today, in their report ‘Libya’s dark web of collusion’ Amnesty International explained how European governments actively support a system of abuse of refugees and migrants by the Libyan Coast Guard, the detention authorities in Libyan and smugglers operating in the country.
Difficulty to get passports
Due to the high number of Syrian refugees in Turkey, it is incredibly difficult to secure an appointment for a passport through official channels. The procedure also takes a long time and is very costly InfoMigrants reports.
EU pitches in for cash cards
EU has released aid funds through two new projects in an attempt to “show solidarity with Turkey” that officially hosts over 3.4 million refugees.
They have announced in a press release that the planned €650 million goes to the Emergency Social Safety Net which is implemented by the World Food Programme. A further €50 million will boost the Conditional Cash Transfer for Education (CCTE) project implemented by UNICEF.
Anti-European European Council President
In a paper issued earlier, the president of the European Council, Polish Donald Tusk, has stated that the mandatory quotas, as proposed by the commission under broader asylum reforms, are both “highly divisive” and “turned out to be ineffective.” The large discrepancy in respect to the aimed results of the so called quota system, as a part of the relocation scheme, has led the 2-year project to end with the Commission taking Hungary, Poland and Czech Republic to the court in Luxembourg.
Now, the EU migration commissioner very clearly said in his statement in Strasbourg that accepting such a stance would undermine “one of the main pillars of the European project, the principal of solidarity”.
He also stated that the note put forward by Tusk ahead of an EU summit is — anti-European.
28 people arrived on a boat to Samos, while a boat arrived to the south coast of Lesvos carrying 63 people.
As the anxiety is growing over the talks of a possible surge of returning people to Turkey, some recent events go to support that, but in other ways than one. Reportedly, Greece seems to have come to new decisions regarding the asylum law. They have reduced the number of steps in the asylum procedure from four stages and approximately a year time to sixty days, thus possibly also facilitating quicker deportation.
Minister Mouzalas has met in Athens with Dimitris Avramopoulos, while on Thursday he will travel to Brussels to the summit.
Lesvos: “Green light” for the containers from mainland
Official Lesvos has accepted to have 50 shipping container homes intended for the migrant reception and processing center of Moria delivered. Greek Minister of state has reportedly previously written the mayor to assure him the containers will not be used to host new people and create a new camp, but “only to accommodate refugees staying in tents in Moria.”
NGOs issue a report calling for common better solutions in Greece
More than 2,000 unaccompanied children are on the waiting list for safe shelters in Greece, according to a new report by 12 organisations. The chronic shortage of accommodation for children is just one of the gaps in services that is worsening as the Greek Government prepares to take full control of the refugee response.
In the report, they also call out the UNHCR, inviting them to be more vocal and take a stand against the policies and practices being implemented in Greece that reduce standards and minimize safeguards in the reception, asylum and returns procedures.
The report, Transitioning to a government-run refugee and migrant response in Greece: A joint NGO roadmap for more fair and humane policies, was jointly written with input from the following organisations: ActionAid, CARE, Caritas Greece, Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Greek Helsinki Monitor, HIAS, International Rescue Committee (IRC), JRS, Oxfam, SolidarityNow, Spanish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) and Terre des hommes.
Lefteria to the 35 arested in Moria
On Wednesday, December 13, the Court Council will examine the extension of the detention of the 30 migrants currently in diffenet prisons in the country. A ex officio process due to the completion of the first six months of their detention next month.
A large groups of supporters expressed their solidarity with persecuted African refugees and they demand the lifting of their provisional detention and their discharge from the accusations.
At the same time, we declare that the demonstration held in Moria was fair and necessary. No one can demand refugees or immigrants who have suffered misery in their countries of origin due to the wars and extreme poverty of the imperialist policies of the West, bend their heads and accept their unjust long-term incarceration unhappily. Below, under conditions of degrading and inhuman treatment, in the context of the deterrence policies adopted jointly by the EU and the Greek government, which maintains the same anti-refugee / anti-immigration stance as its predecessors.
Read the entire statement here.
“Yesterday we were informed that Katsikas will be operational from Monday 18 November.
We are to expect 150 arrivals a day for Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.
The new arrivals will be coming from the Islands.
With this large influx of people over a very short period of time extra volunteers would certainly help us to make sure we can service everyone’s needs. If you have time to spare between now and the New Year please contact us either via our website or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org”
— Refugee Support Europe
They also remind everyone that diapers are among the most needed items in the long list of needs on the field.
European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has published a press release regarding its ruling (from 7 December 2017) against Bulgaria a violation of Article 3 (inhuman and degrading treatment) concerning a family with its three children during their detainment in 2015.
(…) the applicants complained in particular about the conditions in which the three minors — then aged 16, 11 and one and a half years — had been kept in the detention facility in Vidin. Submitting a video recording, the applicants alleged in particular that the cell in which they had been held had been extremely run-down, with dirty and worn out bunk beds, mattresses and bed linen as well as litter and damp cardboard on the floor; and that, as there had been no toilet in the cell, they had had to urinate on the floor. They also complained that the authorities had failed to provide them with food and drink for the first 24 hours of their custody and that the baby bottle and milk of the youngest child had been taken away upon their arrival at the facility and only given to the mother 19 hours later.
Over the past few days we have experienced extreme weather conditions…… 50 hours of torrential downpours and incredibly strong winds. The situation at the farm was touch and go last night, the wind threatening to take away people’s tents and the roof of the kitchen! We were snugly tucked away in our van with the burner on — towels down to soak up the steady stream of water coming in through the bottom of the door! (…)
Regarding the guys living under the bridge…. the rain got so bad that the authorities decided to open the damn to let the water from the mountains rush through the city….. meters away from the home of more than 200 men. They were given shelter in the train station but most left before the morning when the rain subsided because they were fearful of deportation. News from today is that all their blankets, sleeping bags and mattresses are wet and shoes and socks are in high demand. — SolidariTea at Ventimiglia
Increasingly dramatic and worrying conditions of minors who arrive from Libya to Sicily
Terre des Hommes Italia says that a real protection of unaccompanied refugee minors is still far from being realized.
Hypothermia, hypoglicemia, unconsciousness, malnutrition, burns, signs of violence and torture, … many evident proofs of suffering of migrants arriving from Libya, including the smallest among them, all go to support claims that the situation there has become unbearable. Read more on the situation here.
For volunteers working with refugees in Calais, and elsewhere this winter.
Early signs of hypothermia:
- Cold and pale skin
- Slurred speech
- Fast breathing
These are symptoms of minor hypothermia, where someone’s body temperature is between 32°C and 35°C.
“So the good news is that there is accommodation for everyone one in Dunkirk camp atm. but this wont last forever. eventually everyone will be back to the wood by the lake.
one of the main problems with Dunkirk is the lack of 24/7 toilet facilities, there are portaloos on a trailer 5 days a week but so far away from where people are sleeping.
with food and human excrement everywhere the rat population has exploded which will lead to sickness as rats run all over the rubbish and then over what people are sleeping in.
2 ideas toilets and bins. (…)” — issues are growing and some volunteers from the field offer solutions and ideas.
Get involved and help people in serious conditions and great need..
A significant expansion of immigration detention powers is the practical effect of the new immigration bail that comes into force on 15 January 2018, FreeMovement summed up.
Schedule 10 introduces a new framework for immigration bail, replacing a legal framework containing six different legal statuses (including immigration bail and temporary admission) with a single power of immigration bail.
A grant of immigration bail to a person does not prevent the person’s subsequent detention…
An immigration officer or a constable may arrest without warrant a person on immigration bail if the immigration officer or constable —
(a) has reasonable grounds for believing that the person is likely to fail to comply with a bail condition, or
(b) has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person is failing, or has failed, to comply with a bail condition.
On December 17th activists from Wuppertal and surrounding cities will head off to Greece to support refugees. The central work will take place on Lesvos. Part of the group will stay until mid-January 2018.
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